david attenborough: a life on our planet transcript

Our planet becomes four degrees Celsius warmer. Without this training, they would not complete their role in dispersing seeds. Skeletons of dead creatures. So when he asks that people heed his "witness statement" about the peril humans . web pages It will survive. To start to thrive. All rights reserved. Sunlight, wind, water and geothermal. Great numbers of species disappear and are suddenly replaced by a few. Preparation task . Attenborough's BBC production, The Blue Planet, changed this when its sophisticated camera equipment filmed a bait ball frenzy, a fantastic underwater hunt the likes of which no one had seen before. The natural world is fading. J.P. Morgan: How One Man Financed America is a fast-paced and informative portrait of Americas most prolific banker a man so powerful that when he died, the NYSE paused all trading for half a day out of respect. These simple statistics speak as eloquently for our planet as our author does. According to David Attenborough, we have 'overrun the Earth.' There was an edge to our existence. In the 30 years since the evacuation of Chernobyl, the wild has reclaimed the space. Uh The Human beings have overrun the world. [birds chirping] Just imagine if we achieve this on a global scale. This most pristine and distant of ecosystems is headed for disaster. If we push beyond even one of them, we destabilize the balance of our planet. The future was going to be exciting. And who knows what effect that will have on the world. If we continue on our current course, the damage that has been the defining feature of my lifetime will be eclipsed by the damage coming in the next. We need to rediscover how to be sustainable. Global food production enters a crisis as soils become exhausted by overuse. Ocean life was also unravelling in the shallows. But during his lifetime, Attenborough has also seen first-hand the monumental scale of humanity's impact on nature. Then you deal so with the land. The cycle of destruction continues as the sea life is trapped by or ingests this waste. Sparkling coastal seas. 70% of the mass of birds on this planet are domestic birds. A renewable future will be full of benefits. For 10,000 years, the average temperature has not wavered up or down by more than one degree Celsius. Attenborough's wildlife journey started at a young age. Its an achingly intricate labor. Its a sanctuary for wild animals that are very rare elsewhere. A moment ago, we made this recording with an underwater microphone here in the Pacific near Hawaii. watch for yourself. I look at these images now and I realize that, although as a young man I felt I was out there in the wild experiencing the untouched natural world it was an illusion. Ive always had a passion to explore, to have adventures, to learn about the wilds beyond. Iceland, Albania, and Paraguay generate their electricity without fossil fuels. But, there are ways to change direction and alter the doom and gloom we've created. Farming would be pushed to a crisis point. I first witnessed the destruction of an entire habitat in Southeast Asia. No plowing and no fertilizers are used. [reindeer grunting] [birds hooting] [buffalo snorting] [birds cawing] [elephants trumpeting]. The pace of change was getting faster and faster. In this world, a species can only thrive when everything else around it thrives, too. This begs the question, 'What will the next 100 years look like if we dont change?'. I've seen it with my own eyes. The very thing that gave birth to our civilization. [Attenborough] It felt that nothing would limit our progress. thank you soo much this script was very good, Your email address will not be published. But within only a few years, the nets across the globe were coming in empty. This unique feature documentary is his witness statement. One of the significant findings was that we pay attention to the environment when it affects us. No one has lived here since. [whales singing] [whales continue singing]. The natural world will survive. The predators help to keep nutrients in the oceans sunlit waters, recycling them so that they can be used again and again by plankton. Amazingly the plants on Earth, together with their ocean counterparts of algae and phytoplankton, know all about solar power. We must rewild the world!" David Attenborough From Pripyat, a deserted area after the nuclear disaster, Attenborough gives an overview of his life. In 2014, a plane with 239 people aboard vanishes from all radar. The Holocene was our Garden of Eden. Were certainly the most numerous large animal. Then watch the video and do the exercises. [Attenborough] I was in a television studio when the Apollo mission launched. Attenborough is now 94, and throughout his long life, has watched the natural world wither before his eyes. Its a creature called an ammonite. David Attenborough: A Life on Our Planet is a 2020 film by the documentarian and natural historian David Attenborough. A team of scientists led by Johan Rockstrom and Will Steffen, developed The Planetary Boundaries Model. The herrings have disappeared from the North Sea. In his 93 years, Attenborough has visited every continent on the globe, exploring the wild places of the planet and documenting the living world in all its variety and wonder. We account for over one-third of the weight of mammals on earth. Raising yields tenfold in two generations while at the same time using less water, fewer pesticides, less fertilizer and emitting less carbon. But if you get in a helicopter, you see that that is a strip about half a mile wide. The Amazon Rainforest, cut down until it can no longer produce enough moisture, degrades into a dry savannah, bringing catastrophic species loss and altering the global water cycle. A further 60% are the animals we raise to eat. As a child, Attenborough enjoyed studying fossils. No one wants this to happen. You and I belong to the most widespread and dominant species of animal on earth. And I remember very well that first shot. Its now time for our species to stop simply growing. We had worked out how to produce food to order. In 1937, at age 11, he would cycle from his home in Leicester into the countryside to study fossils in the rocks. The best time of our lives. [chuckles] Because I wish the struggle wasnt there or necessary. The world population sits at 7.8 billion, the carbon in the atmosphere is 415 parts per million, and shockingly the remaining wilderness is 35%. One Hundred Years of Solitude. At times, our ancestors existed only in tiny numbers, but just over 10,000 years ago, that number suddenly stabilized and with it, Earth's climate. This unique feature documentary is his witness statement. After all, theres plenty of it. Large carnivores are rare in nature because it takes a lot of prey to support each of them. The rest, from mice to whales, make up just 4%. Below the line are a multitude of lifeforms. Instead, cover crops are planted after harvest to protect the soil, and crops are rotated. He seems tired of keeping quiet about it. [groaning] Those beneath can get crushed to death. Mistakes. They capture 3 trillion kilowatt-hours of solar energy every day. I am David Attenborough, and I am 93. Over time, I began to learn something about the earths evolutionary history. If we do things that are unsustainable, the damage accumulates ultimately to a point where the whole system collapses. Pripyat tells us otherwise. One of the extraordinary things about it was that the world could actually watch it as it happened. Thats the sort of commitment you need if you want to even begin making a portrait of the living world. In his latest book and film, "A Life on Our Planet," he offers a grave and alarming assessment about . And because we would be then dedicated to raising plants, we could increase the yield of this land substantially. Ive visited the polar regions over many decades. The sooner it happens, the easier it makes everything else we have to do. 2020 | Maturity rating: 7+ | 1h 23m | Nature & Ecology Documentaries. And sadly, we don't only deplete our fish. Most of our diseases were under control. Humanitarian crises would result as people would be forced to relocate, triggering border conflict. The ocean covers 70% of our planet's surface, and it's where all forms of life began. Downloads only available on ad-free plans. None of us can afford for it to happen. Regenerative and urban farming are two options. In just 25 years, the forest has returned to cover half of Costa Rica once again. Copyright 2020 NPR. Right now, were facing a manmade disaster of global scale. And as the natural environment fails, pandemics are likely to increase. For 65 million years, its been at work reconstructing the living world until we come to the world we know our time. David Attenborough, Our Planet In his 93 years, Attenborough has visited every continent on the globe, exploring the wild places of the planet and documenting the living world in all its variety and wonder. So, Dutch farmers have become expert at getting the most out of every hectare. The 50,000 large dams in the world, change the water flow and temperature of rivers. That is my witness statement. list the consequences of walking in darkness; tate brothers romania; lac courte oreilles tribal membership requirements; uva men's volleyball roster. And when the government of Brazil is saying that that's what they actually want to happen because knocking down the rainforest is a very good (ph) way to get a quick buck. However, these marvels of the underwater food chain have become rarer, owing to overfishing, and because of disruptions in the food chain, our oceans are dying. Why wouldnt we want to do these things? That disaster is being brought about by the very things that allow us to live our comfortable lives." At first, the cause of the bleaching was a mystery. There are something like 4,000 million of us today, and weve reached this position with meteoric speed. This truth defined the life we led in our pre-history, the time before farming and civilization. Fortunately, Tanzania and Kenya took far-sighted action to safeguard the sacred paths of the Serengeti migration. Against the backdrop of the WWII battle known as Hitler's first defeat, a Norwegian soldier returns home and learns a shocking truth about his wife. We've adopted a fatalistic attitude that it's "too little too late." Our blind assault on the planet has finally come to alter the very fundamentals of the living world. A thick belt of jungles around the equator has piled plant on plant to capture as much of the suns energy as possible, adding moisture and oxygen to the global air currents. The film's grand achievement is that it positions its subject as a mediator between humans and the natural world. And you could happily retire. We have arrived at locations expecting to find expanses of sea ice and found none. They have a symbiotic relationship; the algae absorb sunlight, which provides the polyps with the energy they need to snap up their passing prey, and expand their coral colony. So it's very profitable in the short term. As a result, the no fish zones have increased the catch of the local fishermen, while at the same time allowing the reefs to recover. We cut down over 15 billion trees each year. Again, the two features work together. As with the citizens of Pripyat, we carry on with our daily lives, unaware that our carelessness and lack of planning will ultimately destroy us, and our natural world, unless we alter our self-destructive trajectory. Filmmaker Sir David Attenborough has been documenting the natural world since the 1950s. In this future, we discover ways to benefit from our land that help, rather than hinder, wilderness. People had never seen pangolins before on television. Whole habitats would soon start to disappear. On current projections, there will be 11 billion people on Earth by 2100. All we need is the will to do so. That non-human world is gone. Today, forests cover half of Costa Rica. Its been staring us in the face all along. If theres any justice in the world, Marcel Ophls monumental labor will be studied and debated for years. His passion for protecting diverse wildlife, and reclaiming our wilderness is palpable, and A Life on Our Planet is his "witness statement." And the songs have distinct themes and variations which evolve over time. Fish populations crash. A broadcaster recounts his life, and the evolutionary history of life on Earth, to grieve the loss of wild places and offer a vision for the future. The orangutan. I'm quite sure. In my time, Ive experienced the warming of Arctic summers. When I was a boy, I spent all my spare time searching through rocks in places like this for buried treasure. In 1950, a Japanese family was likely to have three or more children. [Attenborough] We are facing nothing less than the collapse of the living world. [protester over megaphone] We are men and women, and we speak for children, and were all saying, Please stop killing the whales.. Preparation. The deforestation of Borneo has reduced the population of orangutan by two-thirds since I first saw one just over 60 years ago. They charted them as they moved across rivers, through woodlands, and over national borders. But on the 26th of April, 1986, it suddenly became uninhabitable. This alga is vital because it's the start of the Arctic and Antarctic food chains. Leading lives that interlock in such a way that they sustain each other. Baby gorillas were at a premium, and poachers would kill a dozen adults to get one. SIMON: You advocate what you call no-fish zones. The purpose of Boykoff's study was to examine environmental representations, to 'provide opportunities to interrogate how particular narratives are translated, and how they make (in)visible certain discourses.' 2020 | Maturity Rating: 7+ | 1h 23m | Science & Nature Docs. In this . Its entirely possible for us to apply both low-tech and hi-tech solutions to produce much more food from much less land. Your email address will not be published. And of course, if we increase our wilderness areas, we have a natural way of capturing carbon. We eat 50 billion chickens a year and feed them with soy planted on deforested land. Based on the comic book series by Mark Millar and Peter Gross. 75% of all species were wiped out. Today, the forest has taken over the city. Furthermore, less ice means that the Arctic would be unable to cool the planet down. And then you clear that furthermore for cattle. A determined detective continues his search for the truth behind Asia's largest drug organization and its elusive boss he has unfinished business with. In Asia, the winds would create the monsoon on cue. This is a series of one-way doors bringing irreversible change. Estimates suggest that no fish zones over a third of our coastal seas would be sufficient to provide us with all the fish we will ever need. In addition to this, we have an increased life expectancy. [thunder rumbling] [lowing] On the tropical plains, the dry and rainy seasons would switch every year like clockwork. SIMON: Sir David Attenborough - his book, along with his co-author Jonnie Hughes, is "A Life On Our Planet." Half of the worlds rainforests have already been cleared. Today, it generates 40% of its needs at home from a network of renewable power plants, including the worlds largest solar farm. [Attenborough] It was a stark contrast to the world I knew. Due to carelessness, poor planning, and human error, it's probably the most devastating environmental disaster to date. Yet, theyve removed 90% of the large fish in the sea. 1978 WORLD POPULATION: 4.3 BILLION CARBON IN ATMOSPHERE: 335 PARTS PER MILLION REMAINING WILDERNESS: 55%. NPR's Scott Simon talks with British natural historian and broadcaster David Attenborough about his new book, Life on Our Planet: My Witness Statement and Vision for the Future. It seems possible for us to feed ourselves quite happily using half the land we currently use. How do we reclaim farmland but also increase the food supply for a growing population? Our imprint is now truly global. It's not too late. Attenborough is famous for many of the truly epic natural history documentaries on our planet. The cod fishery, I mean, we exterminated that from the Atlantic. And powerful evidence that however grave our mistakes, nature will ultimately overcome them. The vast majority, chickens. By 1975, the average was two. Baitfish are driven into tight balls by tuna, before they attack, then sharks and dolphins join the hunt; they're followed by gannets, and even a whale. Japans standard of living climbed rapidly in the latter half of the 20th century. If we travel back to modern-day Pripyat, David Attenborough tells us that nature is once again asserting itself. It was a feature of all five mass extinctions. This city in Ukraine was once home to almost 50,000 people. By the time Frozen Planet aired in 2011, the reasons for these changes was well established. But in certain places, there are hot spots where currents bring nutrients to the surface and trigger an explosion of life. He is best known for writing and presenting, in conjunction with the BBC Natural History Unit, the nine natural history documentary series that form the Life collection, which form a comprehensive survey of animal and plant life on Earth. The most remote habitat of all exists at the extreme north and south of the planet. And we've exterminated the great fisheries. It was extraordinary that you could see what a man out in space could see as he saw it at the same time. Nature is our biggest ally and our greatest inspiration. Pollinating insects disappear. Half a million gazelle. Coral reefs were turning white. A world that demanded more every day. You can also read the transcript. we would keep consuming the earth until we had used it up. So, what do we do? Since I started filming in the 1950s, on average, wild animal populations have more than halved. Urban farming is an option on rooftops, abandoned buildings, and exterior walls of city buildings. Ten thousand years ago, as hunter-gatherers, we lived a sustainable life because that was the only option. We invented farming. The number of children being born worldwide every year is about to level off. However, half the world's rainforests have been destroyed, and the orangutan population in Borneo has reduced to a third of what it was. In fact, in 2019, New Zealand dropped GDP as its formal measurement of progress and created its own index, taking into account people, profit, and the planet. Rewilding the world is simpler than you might think. Orangutan mothers have to spend ten years with their young, teaching them which fruits are worth eating. Attenborough, David, 1926-2 Entertain (Firm) BBC Video (Firm) British Broadcasting Corporation; . Life cycles on, and if we make the right choices, ruin can become regrowth . Addeddate But Chernobyl was a single event. It's estimated that three-quarters of our food crops could fail. Visit our website terms of use and permissions pages at www.npr.org for further information. You saw a blue marble, a blue sphere in the blackness, and you realized that that was the earth. We require wisdom. Mangroves and coral reefs along thousands of miles of coast have harbored nurseries of fish species that, when mature, then range into open waters. David Attenborough: A Life on Our Planet - Transcript October 14, 2020 David Attenborough has seen more of the natural world than any other. No ecosystem, no matter how big, is secure. Just imagine that. Levies and carbon taxes will go somewhere to shift this. His book, "A Life On Our Planet: My Witness Statement And Vision For The Future" - and the highly honored broadcaster, historian of nature and best-selling author joins us now. David Attenborough has seen more of the natural world than any other. We now have the opportunity to create the perfect home for ourselves, and restore the rich, healthy, and wonderful world that we inherited. However, this time it included humans in its design. authoritarian parents often quizlet; worley sustainability; joshua blake pettitte; arizona snowbowl ikon pass; upadhyay caste obc or general; when do baby . For a long time, I and perhaps you have dreaded that future. There is little left for the rest of the living world. The number that can be sustained on the natural resources available. More than half of the species on land live here. Its rhythm of seasons was so reliable that it gave our own species a unique opportunity. This city in Ukraine was once home to almost 50,000 people. . Its happened in my lifetime. By and large, its a story of slow, steady change. The earths plants capture three trillion kilowatt-hours of solar energy each day. It worked out the secret of life long ago. There we are, on it, and everybody in the entire world is in that picture except for the two people in the spacecraft. And we're on the danger of doing that. People were coming to care for the natural world. It has hidden its secrets well because of the difficulties of filming underwater. And if there's a profit in it, we do that - worse than that, even when there's not a profit in it, when governments actually see fit to subsidize it. The forest is growing, flowers and fruit trees blossom, and wild animals visit. As carbon release accelerates, the ocean will continue to absorb its share of this. And then we will suddenly discover that suddenly the seas are almost empty. Complete the sentences with words from the . We had very little understanding of how the living world actually worked. Then watch the video and do the exercises. A sixth mass extinction event is well underway. An in-depth, sobering look at the tragic events of a century ago. The 'why' behind this, points to global warming. Our intelligence changed the way in which we evolved. If the ice disappears, so does the algae that grow underneath. Theyd never seen sloths before. But whether it will survive in the form that will include us in it is just another question. Kate Raworth, an economist at the University of Oxford, has added a social boundary to The Planetary Boundaries model - one that requires us to provide minimum levels of human well-being for all, including adequate housing, clean water, food, education, and justice. Still, energy use, production, transport, farming, and telecommunication have also shown their sinister side. Working with their traditional technology, they were living sustainably, a lifestyle that could continue effectively forever. It was a very different world back then. And to begin with, it was quite easy. Giving people a greater opportunity of life is what we would want to do anyway. People benefit from the timber and then benefit again from farming the land thats left behind. Weitere Details. This was before any of us were aware that there were problems. NPR transcripts are created on a rush deadline by an NPR contractor. The living world is essentially solar-powered. Um, so, the world is not as wild as it was. Let's rewind to 1937 and some of the statistics of that time. The natural world is, fading, he writes. The last one is thought to have been a meteorite that struck Earth, destroying anything bigger than a dog. But it now appeared this was only because the ocean was absorbing much of the excess heat, masking our impact. Tulsa Burning: The 1921 Race Massacre | Transcript, The Sorrow and the Pity (1969) Review by David Denby, J.P. Morgan: How One Man Financed America [Transcript]. Ive seen it with my own eyes. And they are centers of biodiversity. What we see happening today is just the latest chapter in a global process spanning millennia. Overnight, Pripyat transformed from a pleasant, bustling town to a nightmarish disaster zone. A Life on Our Planet is a masterpiece that explores the life and legacy of natural historian and national treasure David Attenborough. Even as some of us were setting foot on the moon, others were still leading such a life in the most remote parts of the planet. . 2020 | Maturity Rating: PG | 1h 23m | Documentary Films. They discovered that the Serengeti herds required an enormous area of healthy grassland to function. Attenborough says, We run life on the planet to meet our own ends.. And there, only a few yards away, we spotted a great furry red form swaying in the trees. The killing of whales turned from a harvest to a crime. Fossils. Walruses rest on the sea ice when they're not hunting, and because there isn't enough space on the diminishing ice, it becomes very overcrowded. Offline ansehen. Our home was not limitless. Thank you so much for being with us. [Attenborough] They ate meat rarely. A monoculture of oil palm. Um and, in a way, I wish I wasnt involved in this struggle. Pripyat is situated in Ukraine, and was built by the Soviet Union in the 1970s. Environmental issues have historically had low news value. Vast forests. 1960 WORLD POPULATION: 3.0 BILLION CARBON IN ATMOSPHERE: 315 PARTS PER MILLION REMAINING WILDERNESS: 62%. SIMON: You were a BBC executive in the control room when the first pictures of Earth were sent back by the Apollo 8 crew. You can be forgiven for thinking that these plains are endless when they could swallow up such a herd. In this trailer, he talks about his documentary . Plankton would also be destroyed by the acid, affecting the entire food chain. They had never seen the center of New Guinea before. We can start to produce food in new spaces. That without such an immense space, the herds would diminish and the entire ecosystem would come crashing down.

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david attenborough: a life on our planet transcript